normally require only that persons understand their basic rights and adhere to, their legal obligations. By attending to the intersections of teachers' beliefs, state policies, and other sociopolitical factors, we aimed to inform scholarship on the teaching of controversial topics and illuminate states' powers to demarcate the discursive spaces of teachers. MICHAEL S. MERRY is Professor of Philosophy of Education in the Faculty of Social and Behavioral, Sciences and a fellow with the Netherlands School for Research in Practical Philosophy and the Institute, for Migration and Ethnicity Studies at the University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018. only those pertaining to overtly political action. Much will depend on the. 2011. As social and cultural fabrics stretch to the breaking point and. environment through direct participation. My argument centers on Sigal Ben-Porath’s (Edu Theory, 62(4):381–395, 2012) concept of shared fate as a frame for citizenship education. (Academics are particularly susceptible to the belief that we are, enlightened cosmopolitans.) As a result, the next chapter is devoted in its entirety to an analysis of politics in the plural society using the tools and language of this chapter. There are principled limits to what can and should be tolerated, and these, standards can be defended and enforced. Indeed, the demands of creating and operating a functioning state can clash with those of maintaining or building national identity. Tariq Modood, ''Multiculturalism in the West and Muslim Identity,'' in Citizenship, Identity In particular, cases certain rights of expression or association may even be revoked, for the basic, rights of others cannot be ignored or shoved aside. Underpinning the, Shared Values is a pejorative interpretation of ‘‘individual rights’’ and ‘‘individual, interests’’ as antithetical to national interests. We cannot guarantee that Elite Conflict In A Plural Society book is in the library. Thesis (Ph. M.G. LIJPHART Patterns of Democracy Scribd. religious beliefs, or cultural practices may seem. In mathematics and logic, plural quantification is the theory that an individual variable x may take on plural, as well as singular, values.As well as substituting individual objects such as Alice, the number 1, the tallest building in London etc. or duties that apply to everyone irrespective of their personal habits or convictions. CUBA CULTURE AND SOCIETY. S'inscrire. Social cooperation is but another way of, Given its importance, most political theorists argue that citizenship cannot, be left to chance. concepts developed and the politics of plural societies. The article also indicates how the representation of problem issues through the integration—citizenship—social cohesion nexus opens for conflicts, not just between migrants and autochthonous, but also between segments in the host populations. We have no intention of resolving this problem in summary fashion. 58. ‘liberal peace’), through the social arrangements of democracy and various rights and freedoms, its uprooting effect on society has been a major theme by its critics. This symposium contains several responses to the possibility of a shared notion, of citizenship in plural societies. Faced with these challenges, states are exploring ways to elicit civic, attachments from their heterogeneous populations, but doing so is proving difficult, given that former ways of belonging fail to resonate with a large portion of the, citizenry. theory of the three major ideologies in terms not of collection, but of division. Further, thick accounts, normally require that we imaginatively engage with others whose perspectives and, experiences are different from our own, and contract with or reform the political, institutions to bring about positive change. The instability of citizenship is heightened by the pluralism of contemporary societies, bounded political communities in which the processes of state-building and those of nation-building have never been perfectly synonymous. M.G. It is clear to them that all people prefer their own group over other groups, on the basis of joint interests and life experiences. Origin of Creolization theory The origin of creolization in the Caribbean region lies arguably within the processes of colonization, slavery and migration which created the foundation of the New World. 58. Democratic Political SystemsJournal of Theoretical. That, at least, is the ideal and as an ideal it serves an important purpose. Smith, in applying PST to the Caribbean, was convinced that the dominant sociological theory which posited harmony and common values was neither applicable nor relevant to the former slave societies of the Caribbean as these societies were deeply divided. It is often said that the success of economic globalization tends towards social and cultural homogeneity. With policies that alternate between containment, dispersal, and mixing, citizenship more often than not is co-opted by top-down integrationist policies, that bracket differences in social status and politically determine what ‘‘good, citizenship’’ means. alty. many of our noncivic attachments typically capture our more immediate concerns, and these more often than not fundamentally define who we are and what we care, Ideals are to be applauded first and foremost when they encompass the interests, of those affected by them and, second, when they actually serve to improve and, guide practice. In practice, however, the rights of citizenship are variable and differentiated, and governments often approach citizenship not as a fundamental birthright or basic legal status but rather as a policy tool that is, Background/Context: Research indicates that across democratic societies, teachers face numerous intellectual and emotional challenges when handling controversial topics in the classroom.